April 12, 2024

Medium Chain Triglycerides Market: Exploring the Evolution of Functional Fats in Health and Wellness Trends


Medium chain triglycerides or MCTs are a type of fat that has been garnering significant interest from the nutrition world in recent years. Unlike long chain triglycerides found in most dietary and stored body fats, MCTs are absorbed directly into the liver from the digestive tract. This unique property allows MCTs to be metabolized very differently than other fats. In this article, we will explore the potential health benefits of MCTs based on emerging scientific research.

What are MCTs?

MCTs are triglycerides or three fatty acid molecules attached to a glycerol backbone where the fatty acid chain lengths range from 6 to 12 carbons. The two most common MCTs found in human diet and supplements are caprylic acid (C8) and capric acid (C10). Compared to long chain triglycerides which require energy-intensive processes to be broken down and absorbed, MCTs can bypass this process and be delivered straight to the liver where they are used as a quick source of energy or converted into ketone bodies.

Potential health benefits of MCT consumption

– Weight management and body composition

Several studies have found Medium chain triglycerides  consumption to aid in weight management and fat loss. By bypassing energy-intensive processes of digesting long chain fats, MCTs provide sustained energy and help feelings of fullness without increasing calorie intake. In some studies, MCT oil consumption has resulted in increased calorie and fat burning. Due to these properties, MCTs may help in managing weight and improving body composition when incorporated into an energy-controlled diet.

– Heart health

While all fats impact cardiovascular health to some degree, MCTs appear to be relatively neutral and in some ways may even benefit heart health. Unlike saturated fats, MCTs don’t appear to significantly raise LDL or “bad” cholesterol levels. Some studies also show MCTs can raise HDL or “good” cholesterol levels slightly. Additionally, MCTs may help control factors like blood pressure, triglycerides and inflammatory markers – all of which are linked to heart disease risk. More research is still needed but the effects of MCTs on heart health profile appear promising.

– Brain health and function

Being readily converted into ketone bodies by the liver, MCT consumption provides an alternate fuel for the brain besides glucose. Some preliminary research has found MCT and ketone supplementation may aid aspects of cognition for conditions like Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. MCTs could potentially improve memory, focus and mood due to better brain fueling over long periods without spikes and crashes often seen with carbohydrate consumption. Larger and longer trials are still required but the unique metabolic effects of MCTs on the brain hold immense potential.

– Gastrointestinal health

Multiple studies show MCT consumption aids various aspects of gastrointestinal (GI) health. The antiviral and antibacterial properties of MCTs help control gut infections and balance gut flora. MCTs may also support bowel regularity and relief of constipation – an issue affecting nearly 15% of population worldwide. In conditions like inflammatory bowel disease, MCTs appear to have anti-inflammatory effects in the gut. More research is still ongoing but initial evidence indicates MCTs may be beneficial for overall GI health and common GI issues.

– Diabetes management

Research suggests MCTs may aid in diabetes management in several ways. The low glycemic impact prevents spikes in blood sugar seen with carbohydrates or other dietary fats. MCTs also increase satiety to control appetite and food intake. Additionally, MCTs have been found to increase levels of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) – a hormone that regulates blood sugar and appetite. More studies are still warranted, but these metabolic effects of MCTs show promise for aiding in diabetes management and prevention when incorporated appropriately.

Is MCT oil safe? Recommended intake

Available research indicates MCT oil supplementation is generally well-tolerated by healthy individuals when consumed in moderate amounts. However, initial introduction should start with small doses and build tolerance gradually as large doses may cause GI side effects like diarrhea, cramps or bloating. Typical recommended supplemental doses for MCT oil range between 1-2 tbsp (15-30 ml) per day, building up from a starting dose of 1 tsp. As a dietary fat, MCT oil can safely replace about 10% of total daily calories from other fats. More is not necessarily better and individual metabolism should guide tolerance levels. Pregnant/lactating women and those with liver or kidney diseases should check with their doctor before use.


In summary, medium chain triglycerides appear to be metabolically unique fats with various potential health benefits beyond just providing energy. From weight management to improved cognition, MCT consumption shows promise in early research for a wide range of health conditions. However, more extensive long term studies are still required before strong conclusions can be made. If incorporated appropriately as part of a balanced diet, MCT supplementation may offer a safe and natural method to support overall health and well-being. Future applications of MCTs are promising across several fields from sports nutrition to clinical therapy.


1.Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research

2.We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it